We will never know exactly how came the idea, the need to shave, but beard too close to a campfire, or hair disturbing the vision can be considered as determinants of the birth of shaving.
About 2,000 years later, our ancestors discovered the iron and its strength: at these periods, the razors are more like choppers than straight razors.
Although the profession of barber existed since long time, their duties were much broader than just "barbarism". They not only shaved and cut hair but also practiced bloodletting, tearing teeth and dressing wounds.
In 1371, André Poupart, King Charles V's first Barbier who obtained by royal ordinance the status of barber as other great officers of the court: baker, esquire, marshal...
By an edict issued in November 1691, Louis XIV created the masters "barber-bathers-étuvistes-wig" in all cities of the superior courts or bailiwicks.
He defended at the same time the "masters barber-surgeons, their apprentice boys, and those widows wigs, and barber-bathers-étuvistes-wig, to any act of surgery. His intention was that the barber-surgeons and barbers, bathers should form two absolutely distinct corporations.
The razors were the most common means of shaving before the 20th century and remained in many countries until the 1950s. Hairdressers were specially trained to provide a thorough and quick shave for customers.
The production of straight razor in Europe is limited to a few companies, we'll only mention one name :